MON-89Ø34-3 × MON-87411-9 × DAS-59122-7 - Herbicide-tolerant, insect-resistant maize | BCH-LMO-SCBD-116320 | Living Modified Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House

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Living Modified Organism (LMO)

Decisions on the LMO Risk Assessments  
last updated: 07 Oct 2021
Living Modified Organism identity
The image below identifies the LMO through its unique identifier, trade name and a link to this page of the BCH. Click on it to download a larger image on your computer. For help on how to use it go to the LMO quick-links page.
Herbicide-tolerant, insect-resistant maize
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MON89034 × MON87411 × 59122
MON-89Ø34-3 × MON-87411-9 × DAS-59122-7
The maize (Zea mays) was produced through cross breeding of modified parental maize lines for herbicide tolerance and insect resistance. For herbicide tolerance, the maize expresses Agrobacterium tumefaciens 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (glyphosate tolerance - enzyme variant) and Streptomyces viridochromogenes phosphinothricin N-acetyltransferase (glufosinate tolerance - enzymatic inactivation). For Lepidoptera tolerance, the maize expresses Bacillus thuringiensis Cry1A.105 and Cry2Ab2. For Coleoptera  resistance, the maize expresses B. thuringiensis Cry3Bb1, Cry34Ab1 and Cry35Ab1. The maize contains an RNA interference cassette targeting Diabrotica virgifera virgifera Snf7 for specific resistance against D. virgifera virgifera.
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The term “Recipient organism” refers to an organism (either already modified or non-modified) that was subjected to genetic modification, whereas “Parental organisms” refers to those that were involved in cross breeding or cell fusion.
  • BCH-ORGA-SCBD-246-6 Organism Zea mays (Maize, Corn, MAIZE)
    Crops
  • BCH-LMO-SCBD-43773-18 Living Modified Organism MON-89Ø34-3 - YieldGard™ VT Pro™
    Resistance to diseases and pests - Insects - Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)
  • BCH-LMO-SCBD-108881-1 Living Modified Organism MON-87411-9 - Maize modified for herbicide tolerance and insect resistance
    Monsanto | Resistance to diseases and pests (Insects, Coleoptera (beetles), Western corn rootworm (Diabrotica virgifera), Northern corn rootworm (Diabrotica barberi)), Resistance to herbicides (Glyphosate)
  • BCH-LMO-SCBD-15165-13 Living Modified Organism DAS-59122-7 - Herculex™ RW Rootworm Protection maize
    Pioneer Hi-Bred International Inc. | Resistance to diseases and pests (Insects, Coleoptera (beetles)), Resistance to herbicides (Glufosinate)
EN
Characteristics of the modification process
PV-ZMIR245; PV-ZMIR10871; PHP17662
EN
  • Cross breeding
Some of these genetic elements may be present as fragments or truncated forms. Please see notes below, where applicable.
DNA insert from MON89034 vector PV-ZMIR245
Two insecticidal protein expression cassettes were inserted into the genome. Bacillus thuringiensis cry1A.105 expression is under the control of the CaMV 35S enhanced promoter, which first transcribes wheat (Triticum aestivum) 5' untranslated region of the chlorophyll a/b-binding protein (cab) and a rice actin 1 intron before transcribing cry1A.105. Transcription terminates at the wheat heat shock protein 17.3 terminator. Expression of the B. thuringiensis cry2Ab2 starts at the Figwort mosaic virus 34S promoter, which transcribes the Zea mays heat shock protein 70 (hsp70), then the Z. mays transit peptide and the cry2Ab2 coding sequence, before terminating at the nos terminator.

Note:
- The Cry2Ab2 coding sequence was modified for optimal expression in plants.
- South blot analysis confirmed that single insertions of both cry2Ab2 and cry1A.105, as well as no vector backbone were present and in the parent.
- A deletion removed the duplicated enhancer elements compared to the original CaMV 35S enhanced promoter in PV-ZMIR245.
- The selectable marker, nptII, cassette was bred out of the parental line and became not associated with this transformation event.

DNA insert from MON87411 vector PV-ZMIR10871
The MON87411 genome contains three cassettes: an RNA interference (RNAi) cassette targeting Diabrotica virgifera virgifera, Bacillus thuringiensis cry3Bb1 and Agrobacterium tumefaciens 5-enolpyruvylshikimate-3-phosphate synthase (cp4-epsps).

Transcription of the RNAi cassette commences from the Cauliflower mosaic virus 35S enhanced promoter and terminates at the Pisum sativum ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase small chain 2 terminator. The transcript initially contains a Zea mays heat shock protein 70 intron, which contributes to enhanced expression in vegetative tissues of the plant, and two partial coding sequences of the D. virgifera virgifera Snf7p gene, which encodes the SNF7 subunit of the ESCRT-III complex. The two Snf7p sequences are in an inverted orientation, separated by a 150-nucleotide intervening sequence, which allows base pairing between the inverted sequences and hairpin RNA formation post-transcription, which then triggers an RNAi response. Due to RNAi processing, small interfering RNA molecules (roughly 21-23 nucleotides in length) will be produced and thus no translation into protein will occur from this cassette.

Transcription of the cry3Bb1 is under control of the Z. mays physical impedance induced protein promoter and Triticum aestivum (wheat) heat shock protein 17.3 terminator. The transcript also contains a wheat 5' untranslated leader from chlorophyll a/b-binding protein and Oryza sativa actin 1 intron for enhanced expression of the transgene. Expression of cp4-epsps is under control of an O. sativa alpha tubulin promoter and terminator. The transcript additionally contains Arabidopsis thaliana chloroplast targeting peptide 2 to sequester the protein to the chloroplast.

Note:
- Sequencing, PCR and bioinformatic analyses indicate that a single, intact insertions of the three gene cassettes occurred in the parental line.
- No plasmid backbone was detected.

DNA insert from 59122 vector PHP17662:
Transcription of Bacillus thuringiensis cry34Ab1 starts at Zea mays ubiquitin gene promoter and terminates at the Solanum tuberosum proteinase inhibitor II gene terminator. Transcription of B. thuringiensis cry35Ab1 commences from the (Triticum aestivum (wheat) peroxidase gene promoter and stops at another S. tuberosum proteinase inhibitor II gene terminator.

Note:
- The coding sequence of cry34Ab1 and cry35Ab1  has been adapted to the codon usage in maize as to achieve optimal expression in planta.
- The cry34Ab1 and cry35Ab1 were cloned from B. thuringiensis strain PS149B1.
- Sequence analysis of 59122 done by the European Food Safety Authority indicated that this LMO contains one complete copy of the T-DNA of PHP17662 without internal rearrangements. All three gene cassettes, cry34Ab1, cry35Ab1 and pat, are intact within the transgenic event. The DNA sequences of the genes in 59122 are identical to those in the original plasmid except for two nucleotide differences in the wheat peroxidase promoter. At the 5' T-DNA end a deletion of 22 bp is observed and at the 3' T-DNA end a deletion of 25 bp is observed. The absence of vector backbone in maize 59122 was also demonstrated.

For more information, kindly refer to the parental LMO records.
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LMO characteristics
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  • Food
  • Feed