BPS-BFLFK-2 - EPA+DHA canola | BCH-LMO-SCBD-115656 | Living Modified Organism | Biosafety Clearing-House

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Living Modified Organism (LMO)

Decisions on the LMO Risk Assessments  
last updated: 20 Jul 2020
Living Modified Organism identity
The image below identifies the LMO through its unique identifier, trade name and a link to this page of the BCH. Click on it to download a larger image on your computer. For help on how to use it go to the LMO quick-links page.
EPA+DHA canola
EN
LBFLFK
Yes
BPS-BFLFK-2
The canola (Brassica napus) was modified for long chain polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis and accumulation in the seed tissues through the insertion of a mutli-enzyme biochemical pathway to convert oleic acid into polyunsaturated fatty acids, including eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). The enzymes were sourced from Phytophthora sojae, Ostreococcus tauri, Thalassiosira pseudonana, Physcomitrella patens, Thraustochytrium sp., Pythium irregulare, Phytophthora infestans and Pavlova lutheri. For a summary of the biochemical pathway, kindly refer to the "Additional Information" section. The canola-based system allows for scalable production without sourcing these polyunsaturated fatty acids from marine animals. The modified canola additionally contains Arabidopsis thaliana acetohydroxy acid synthase, which confers tolerance to the imidazolinone herbicides, allowing for selection during transformation and post-emergence weed control.
EN
The term “Recipient organism” refers to an organism (either already modified or non-modified) that was subjected to genetic modification, whereas “Parental organisms” refers to those that were involved in cross breeding or cell fusion.
Brassica napus cultivar Kumily
EN
Characteristics of the modification process
LTM593
EN
  • Agrobacterium-mediated DNA transfer
 
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Some of these genetic elements may be present as fragments or truncated forms. Please see notes below, where applicable.
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-101416-6 Ti plasmid right border repeat | Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Agrobacterium)
    Plasmid vector
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-103026-3 Unknown seed protein-promoter | Vicia faba (Broad Bean, Tick Bean, Windsor Bean, Horse Bean, Pigeon Bean, Field Bean)
    Promoter
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115261-4 At1g01170 intron | Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress, Mouse-ear cress, Arabidopsis, ARATH)
    Intron
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115269-2 delta-6 elongase | Physcomitrella patens - spreading earthmoss, physcomitrella moss
    Protein coding sequence | Changes in quality and/or metabolite content (Lipid and fatty acids)
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-100290-6 CaMV 35S terminator | Cauliflower mosaic virus (CaMV)
    Terminator
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-114991-2 Conlinin1 promoter | Linum usitatissimum (Flax, Flax, Linseed, LINUS)
    Promoter
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115270-3 At5g63190 intron | Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress, Mouse-ear cress, Arabidopsis, ARATH)
    Intron
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115286-3 delta-5 desaturase | Thraustochytrium sp. - Thraustochytrids
    Protein coding sequence | Changes in quality and/or metabolite content (Lipid and fatty acids)
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-100271-5 Octopine Synthase Gene Terminator | Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Agrobacterium)
    Terminator
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115287-1 sucrose-binding protein promoter | Vicia faba (Broad Bean, Tick Bean, Windsor Bean, Horse Bean, Pigeon Bean, Field Bean)
    Promoter
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115347-2 At1g65090 intron | Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress, Mouse-ear cress, Arabidopsis, ARATH)
    Intron
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115349-2 delta-6-desaturase | Ostreococcus tauri - Green algae
    Protein coding sequence | Changes in quality and/or metabolite content (Lipid and fatty acids),Production of medical or pharmaceutical compounds (human or animal) (Omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. DHA))
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115350-1 Cathepsin D inhibitor terminator | Solanum tuberosum (Potato, SOLTU)
    Terminator
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115630-1 Peroxiredoxin-like protein promoter | Linum usitatissimum (Flax, Flax, Linseed, LINUS)
    Promoter
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115631-1 At1g62290 locus intron | Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress, Mouse-ear cress, Arabidopsis, ARATH)
    Intron
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115633-1 Delta-6 elongase | Thalassiosira pseudonana - Centric diatom
    Protein coding sequence | Changes in quality and/or metabolite content (Lipid and fatty acids),Production of medical or pharmaceutical compounds (human or animal) (Omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. DHA))
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115634-1 Peroxiredoxin-like protein terminator | Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress, Mouse-ear cress, Arabidopsis, ARATH)
    Terminator
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-101521-6 Napin gene promoter | Brassica napus (Turnip, Rapeseed, Canola Plant, Oilseed Rape, Rape, BRANA)
    Promoter
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115637-1 Delta-12 desaturase | Phytophthora sojae
    Protein coding sequence | Changes in quality and/or metabolite content (Lipid and fatty acids),Production of medical or pharmaceutical compounds (human or animal) (Omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. DHA))
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-101877-5 rbcS-E9 gene terminator | Pisum sativum (Garden pea, PEA)
    Terminator
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115638-1 SETL promoter | Brassica napus (Turnip, Rapeseed, Canola Plant, Oilseed Rape, Rape, BRANA)
    Promoter
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115640-2 Omega-3 desaturase | Pythium irregulare
    Protein coding sequence | Changes in quality and/or metabolite content (Lipid and fatty acids),Production of medical or pharmaceutical compounds (human or animal) (Omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. DHA))
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115641-1 SETL terminator | Brassica napus (Turnip, Rapeseed, Canola Plant, Oilseed Rape, Rape, BRANA)
    Terminator
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115643-1 Omega-3 desaturase | Phytophthora infestans - Phytophthora blight
    Protein coding sequence | Changes in quality and/or metabolite content (Lipid and fatty acids),Production of medical or pharmaceutical compounds (human or animal) (Omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. DHA))
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115644-1 Arcelin-5 promoter | Phaseolus vulgaris (String bean, French bean, Kidney bean, Common Bean , PHAVU)
    Promoter
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115645-2 Delta-4 desaturase | Thraustochytrium sp. - Thraustochytrids
    Protein coding sequence | Changes in quality and/or metabolite content (Lipid and fatty acids),Production of medical or pharmaceutical compounds (human or animal) (Omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. DHA))
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115646-1 Arcelin-5 terminator | Phaseolus vulgaris (String bean, French bean, Kidney bean, Common Bean , PHAVU)
    Terminator
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115648-1 Argonaute 4 intron | Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress, Mouse-ear cress, Arabidopsis, ARATH)
    Intron
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115649-3 Acyl-lipid (7-3)-desaturase | Pavlova lutheri
    Protein coding sequence | Changes in quality and/or metabolite content (Lipid and fatty acids),Production of medical or pharmaceutical compounds (human or animal) (Omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. DHA))
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115650-1 Fatty acid elongation 1 promoter | Brassica napus (Turnip, Rapeseed, Canola Plant, Oilseed Rape, Rape, BRANA)
    Promoter
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115651-1 Delta-5 elongase | Ostreococcus tauri - Green algae
    Protein coding sequence | Changes in quality and/or metabolite content (Lipid and fatty acids),Production of medical or pharmaceutical compounds (human or animal) (Omega-3 fatty acids (e.g. DHA))
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115652-2 Fatty acid elongase 1 terminator | Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress, Mouse-ear cress, Arabidopsis, ARATH)
    Terminator
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115655-2 Ubiquitin 4-2 intron | Petroselinum crispum - Parsley
    Intron
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-48073-8 Acetohydroxy acid synthase gene | Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress, Mouse-ear cress, Arabidopsis, ARATH)
    Protein coding sequence | Resistance to herbicides (Imidazolinone, Sulfonylurea)
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-103933-4 Acetohydroxy acid synthase gene terminator | Arabidopsis thaliana (Thale cress, Mouse-ear cress, Arabidopsis, ARATH)
    Terminator
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-101415-9 Ti plasmid left border repeat | Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Agrobacterium)
    Plasmid vector
  • BCH-GENE-SCBD-115654-2 Ubiquitin 4-2 promoter | Petroselinum crispum - Parsley
    Promoter
Gene expression
- The genetic cassettes are present in the clockwise (sense) orientation.
- Transcription of all of the coding sequence, except  Arabidopsis thaliana acetohydroxy acid synthase large-subunit (Atahas), are under control of seed-specific promoters.
- Atahas is under control of Petroselinum crispum ubiquitin 4-2 promoter, which promotes strong and constitutive expression in all vegetative tissues.
- Some gene cassetes contain introns to enhance the expression of the coding sequence.

Inserted elements
- Agrobacterium rhizogenes-mediated transformation was used instead of the common Agrobacterium tumefaciens-mediated transformation.
- Conlinin promoter was not specified (whether Conlinin-1 or -2). Thus, Conlinin-1 promoter was chosen as a placeholder.
- Two Thraustochytrium sp. delta-6 desaturase and two P. irregulare omega-3 desaturase sequences are present per insert.
- Arabidopsis thaliana acetohydroxy acid synthase large-subunit contains S653N and A122T substitutions.
- The following coding sequences were codon optimized for expression in plants:
   -- Thraustochytrium sp. delta-5 desaturase;
   -- Ostreococcus tauri delta-6 desaturase;
   -- Thalassiosira pseudonana delta-6 elongase;
   -- Phytophthora sojae delta-12 desaturase;
   -- Pythium irregulare omega-3 desaturase;
   -- Phytophthora infestans omega-3 desaturase;
   -- Thraustochytrium sp. delta-4 desaturase;
   -- Pavlova lutheri delta-4 desaturase; and
   -- Ostreococcus tauri delta-5 elongase.

Vector backbone
- The backbone contains: Escherichia coli neomycin phosphotransferase II; E. coli origin of replication (F plasmid); E. coli sopA and sopB; Agrobacterium tumefaciens repB and repC; E. coli Tn5 sequence; and A. tunmefaciens oriT.

Genomic analysis by next generation sequencing (Illumina)
- Next generation sequencing confirmed two separate T-DNA insertions are present, without any rearrangement of the genetic cassettes.
- Insert 1 contained a 184-basepair truncation of the 5΄ end of the RB and a 72-basepair truncation of the 3΄ end of the LB. The first 64 basepairs in the RB of Insert 1 was determined to be a rearrangement of short T-DNA RB-derived repeats. Insert 2 contained 184-basepair truncation of the 5΄ end of the RB with a 53-basepair truncation of the 3΄ end of the LB.
- Insert 1 and Insert 2 contained all 13 intended gene expression cassettes.
- Insert 1 had one cytosine to adenine nucleotide change in the coding sequence of the delta-12 desaturase gene, resulting in a phenylalanine to leucine amino acid substitution (F83L) in the protein, and a nucleotide change in the L. usitatissimum peroxiredoxin-like protein promoter of the P. irregulare omega-3 desaturase.
- Insert 1 was inserted into the the Cnn-random chromosome and resulted in a 8-basepair deletion in the canola genome.
- Insert 2 contains a guanine to thymine nucleotide change in the coding sequences of P. lutheri delta-4 desaturase, resulting in an alanine to serine amino acid substitution (A102S) in the protein.
- Insert 2 was inserted into the C03 chromosome and resulted in a 31-basepair deletion in the canola genome.
- The amino acid changes in the proteins did not show altered activity.
- No backbone sequences were detected.
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LMO characteristics
EN
  • Food
  • Feed
Detection method(s)
The fatty acid desaturase and elongase proteins can be detected in mature seeds by ELISA. Due to the seed-specific nature of the promoters, the proteins cannot be detected elsewhere in the plant tissues.

Acetohydroxy acid synthase protein can be detected in all tissues of the plants, except the mature seeds, by ELISA and quantitative Western blot.
EN
Additional Information
Polyunsaturated fatty acid synthesis pathway
1) Oleic acid (C18:1n-9) → Linoleic acid (C18:2n-6) catalyzed by P. sojae delta-12 desaturase
2) Linoleic acid (C18:2n-6) → Gamma-linolenic acid (C18:3-6) catalyzed O. tauri delta-6 desaturase
3) Gamma-linolenic acid (C18:3-6) → Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (C20:3n-6) catalyzed by T. pseudonana and P. patens delta-6 elongase
4) Dihomo-gamma-linolenic acid (C20:3n-6) → Arachidonic acid (C20:4n-6) catalyzed by Thraustochytrium sp. delta-5 desaturase
5) Arachidonic acid (C20:4n-6) → Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA; C20:5n-3) catalyzed by P. irregulare and P. infestans omega-3 desaturase
6) Eicosapentaenoic acid (C20:5n-3) → Docosapentaenoic acid (C22:5n-3) catalyzed by O. tauri delta-5 elongase
7) Docosapentaenoic acid (C22:5n-3) → Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA; C22:6n-3) catalyzed by Thraustochytrium sp. and P. lutheri delta-4 desaturase.
EN
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